An analysis of the pharmacist profession

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U. Friday, April 13, What They Do The What They Do tab describes the typical duties and responsibilities of workers in the occupation, including what tools and equipment they use and how closely they are supervised.

An analysis of the pharmacist profession

Received May 23; Accepted Sep This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Associated Data Data tables are publically available from www.

Associated Data

Please contact the author for data requests. Globally, people are living longer with multiple co-morbidities and require increased access and use of medicines. Pharmacists are a key component of the healthcare workforce, and in many countries, pharmacists are the most accessible healthcare profession.

This paper identifies key issues and current trends affecting the global pharmacy workforce, in particular workforce distribution, country economic status, capacity, and workforce gender balance.

Methods National professional pharmacy leadership bodies, together with other contacts for professional bodies, regulatory bodies, and universities, were approached to provide country-level data on pharmacy workforce. Results A total of 89 countries and territories responded to the survey.

To standardise the capacity measure, an analysis of the population density of pharmacists per 10 population was performed. African nations have significantly fewer pharmacists per capita.

An analysis of the pharmacist profession

Pharmacist density correlates with gross national income GNI and health expenditure. The majority of pharmacists are employed in community settings, followed by hospital, industry-related, academia, and regulation. Conclusions Pharmacy workforce capacity varies considerably between countries and regions and generally correlates with population- and country-level economic indicators.

Those countries and territories with lower economic indicators tend to have fewer pharmacists and pharmacy technicians; this has implications for inequalities regarding access to medicines and medicine expertise. Pharmacy workforce, Global, Capacity, Healthcare Background The global healthcare workforce is undergoing dramatic changes with increasing national populations, longer life expectancies, increasing healthcare costs, and rapidly growing demands for health services and burden of chronic diseases affecting both the scale and scope of practice.

Postgraduate Healthcare Education, LLC (PHE) is the source of Power-Pak C.E.® continuing education for health care professionals. Our accredited programs assist in meeting the requirements of licensure. Learn how to create a SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats) Analysis for an MTM Practice. Certification is the process through which an organization grants recognition to an individual, organization, process, service, or product that .

Prior to this in Septemberthe United Nations launched the Millennium Development Goals MDGs to combat poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, environmental degradation, and discrimination against women by [ 2 ].

It soon became apparent that the global health workforce crisis was one of the greatest constraints in delivering the MDGs. Ina WHO report emphasised the need for direct investment in the training of healthcare workers as well as more efficient use of their skills [ 3 ].

In the years following, further reports have highlighted shortages in the healthcare workforce and the effect on implementation of primary care, efficient and equitable use of financial resources, and expansion of health services [ 45 ].

Without a doubt, this has focussed global attention on the sustainable evolution of the provision of healthcare services.


Globally, people are living longer with multiple co-morbidities and are requiring increased access and use of medicines. Pharmacists play an important role in the delivery of healthcare services since they are involved in community and hospital environments, as well as academia, research, and regulation.

However, pharmacist workforce shortages have been reported in all sectors [ 6 ]. Alongside the increased demand for the global healthcare workforce, the pharmacy profession itself is undergoing dynamic change with more of a focus on patient-centred care, clinical decision-making on medicine use, and interprofessional collaboration.

Whilst pharmacists are trusted and accessible healthcare professionals, it is important to monitor how the pharmacy workforce is changing. These changes will affect the planning of the delivery of healthcare services. There is an imperative to understand the current trends in the global pharmacy workforce and the implications of these trends on the future supply of pharmacists.

An analysis of the pharmacist profession

Only then can it be decided how and what measures are required in order to balance the demand versus supply of pharmacists to help improve the global healthcare workforce. The objective of this paper is to recognise the key issues and current trends affecting the global pharmacy workforce.

In particular, a focus on workforce distribution, country economic status, capacity building, and workforce gender balance. Future articles will explore the data collated on pharmacy education and pharmacy technicians in more depth.

The survey gave a background to the reasons for collecting the data and was composed of 42 questions which sought data relating to pharmacy education, workforce absolute numbers of pharmacists and pharmacy techniciansand relevant regulations for both pharmacists and pharmacy technicians and was available in English, French, and Spanish.

It was conducted by sending a document version of the survey via email to contacts derived from FIP and was conducted over the time period —, with repeat follow-up for non-responders.

The analysis used multiple data sources including national population- and country-level economic indicators as reported by the World Bank [ 7 ]. In summary, information about pharmacy education, workforce, and regulations was obtained via the data collection survey whereas secondary information, e.

The dataset was cleaned and checked with respondents who reported information about pharmacy education, workforce numbers, and regulations before being prepared for analysis using SPSS Statistics v The statistical methods used were descriptive frequencies, central tendencies and regression correlation and linear.Pharmacists, also known as chemists (Commonwealth English) or druggists (North American and, archaically, Commonwealth English), are health professionals who practice in pharmacy, the field of health sciences focusing on safe and effective medication use.

A pharmacist is a member of the health care team directly involved with patient care. . Certification is the process through which an organization grants recognition to an individual, organization, process, service, or product that .

Australian Pharmacist is the Pharmaceutical Society of Australia's monthly journal and is distributed free to all members. It contains pharmacy education and practice features, research papers, health and pharmacy news and information about PSA activities, as well as paid advertising and promotional material.

Introduction to the Pharmacy Profession

Prospective pharmacists are required to have a Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) degree, a postgraduate professional degree. In August , there were Doctor of Pharmacy programs fully accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE).Work experience in related occupation: None.

A patient is any recipient of health care services. The patient is most often ill or injured and in need of treatment by a physician, nurse, psychologist, dentist, veterinarian, or other health care provider. The objective of this article is to make a 'SWOT analysis' (Strength, Weakness, Opportunities, Threat) of our pharmacy profession in its present scenario and making an effort to get the deserved reputation for the profession in our country.

Australian Journal of Pharmacy