This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Abstracts of scientific papers are sometimes poorly written, often lack important information, and occasionally convey a biased picture.
What is an abstract? An abstract is a one-paragraph summary of a research project. Abstracts precede papers in research journals and appear in programs of scholarly conferences.
In journals, the abstract allows readers to quickly grasp the purpose and major ideas of a paper and lets other researchers know whether reading the entire paper will be worthwhile.
Why write an abstract? The abstract allows readers to make decisions about your project. Your sponsoring professor can use the abstract to decide if your research is proceeding smoothly. The conference organizer uses it to decide if your project fits the conference criteria.
Your abstract needs to take all these readers into consideration. How does an abstract appeal to such a broad audience? The audience for this abstract covers the broadest possible scope--from expert to lay person. You need to find a comfortable balance between writing an abstract that both shows your knowledge and yet is still comprehensible--with some effort--by lay members of the audience.
Limit the amount of technical language you use and explain it where possible. What should the abstract include? Think of your abstract as a condensed version of your whole project.
By reading it, the reader should understand the nature of your research question. Like abstracts that researchers prepare for scholarly conferences, the abstract you submit for the Undergraduate Research Conference will most likely reflect work still in progress at the time you write it.
Although the content will vary according to field and specific project, all abstracts, whether in the sciences or the humanities, convey the following information: The purpose of the project identifying the area of study to which it belongs.
The research problem that motivates the project. The methods used to address this research problem, documents or evidence analyzed.
The conclusions reached or, if the research is in progress, what the preliminary results of the investigation suggest, or what the research methods demonstrate. The significance of the research project. Why are the results useful? What is new to our understanding as the result of your inquiry?
Whatever kind of research you are doing, your abstract should provide the reader with answers to the following questions: What are you asking? Why is it important? How will you study it? What will you use to demonstrate your conclusions?
What are those conclusions? What do they mean?It includes recommendations for the content and presentation of the abstract, as well as examples of the best abstracts submitted to the abstract selection committee for the ninth annual North Carolina State University graduate student history conference.
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How to Write an Abstract. Philip Koopman, Carnegie Mellon University October, Abstract. Because on-line search databases typically contain only abstracts, it is vital to write a complete but concise description of your work to entice potential readers into obtaining a copy of the full paper.
Home→Blog→How To Do Conferences→ How-To(sday): How to Write a Paper or Conference Proposal Abstract. Search for: Post navigation. How to Write and submit an Abstract for the Conference; How to Write an Abstract for the Undergraduate Research, Scholarship and Creative Activities Conference.
Learning how to write an abstract for a conference paper is a matter of following a tried-and-tested formula for The more abstracts you write and submit.