In addition, rational behavior may not involve receiving the most monetary or material benefit, because the satisfaction received could be purely emotional or non-monetary. For example, while it is likely more financially lucrative for an executive to stay on at a company rather than retire early, it is still considered rational behavior for her to seek an early retirement if she feels the benefits of retired life outweigh the utility from the paycheck she receives. For example, an investor may choose to take more investment risk in his own retirement account than he would in an account designated for his children's college education. Both would be considered rational choices for this investor.
Areas of research include improving job performance, increasing job satisfaction, promoting innovation and encouraging leadership.
In order to achieve the desired results, managers may adopt different tactics, including reorganizing groups, modifying compensation structures and changing the way performance is evaluated.
History While organizational behavior as a field of academic study was not fully recognized by the American Psychological Association until the s, its roots go back to the late s when the Hawthorne Electric Company set up a series of experiments designed to discern how changes in environment and design changed the productivity of their employees.
Their various studies, conducted between the years of andwere broad and meticulously measured over large periods of time. The studies included the effect of various types of breaks lots of small breaks, a few long ones, etc.
The most famous finding resulting from the Hawthorne Studies is what is now called the Hawthorne Effect, the change in behavior of a test subject when they know they are being observed. The idea of looking scientifically Organisation rational behaviour behavior and productivity in the Organisation rational behaviour with the goal of increasing the amount and quality of work an employee can get done, was coupled with the idea that workers were not interchangeable resources.
Workers were instead unique in terms of their psychology and potential fit with a company.
These ideas were radically new when Hawthorne first began the studies, and they helped create a field of study and an entire professional field. Organizational behavior has focused on various different topics of study.
In part because of the Second World War, during the s, the field focused on logistics and management science. During this period, the emphasis was on using mathematical modeling and statistical analysis to find the best answers for complex problems. In the s, theories of contingency and institutions, as well as organizational ecology, resource dependence, and bounded rationality came to the fore as the field focused more on quantitative research.
These findings and sets of theories helped organizations better understand how to improve business structure and decision making.
Since the s, a good deal of the work being done in the field of organizational behavior has been on cultural components of organizations, including topics such as race, class, gender roles, and cultural relativism and their roles on group building and productivity.
These studies, a part of a shift in focus in the field towards qualitative research, and among other things, take into account the ways in which identity and background can inform decision making. Academic Focuses Academic Programs focusing on organizational behavior are usually found in business schools, and schools of social work and psychology.
They draw from the fields of anthropology, ethnography, and leadership studies and use quantitative, qualitative, and computer models as methods to explore and test ideas. Depending on the program, one can study specific topics within organizational behavior, or broader fields.
The topics covered by Micro OB include cognition, decision making, learning, motivation, negotiation, impressions, group process, stereotyping, and power and influence. Macro OB covers organizations as social systems, dynamics of change, markets, relationships between organizations and their environments, as well as identity in organizational process, how social movements influence markets, and the power of social networks.
There is rarely one correct way to assess the right way to manage any of these things, but OB research can provide a set of guidelines and topics to follow.
Theories around job satisfaction vary widely, but some argue that a satisfying job consists of a solid reward system, compelling work, good supervisors, and satisfactory working conditions. Leadership, what it looks like and where it is derived from is a rich topic of debate and study within the field of organizational behavior.Organisation Rational Behaviour Introduction The aim of this paper is to determine/examine how buying behaviour in the organization point of view more rational than consumer behaviour, that is played by the type of the organization market and making the right call for .
Rational organization theory is the idea that an organization, such as a business, is a tool for achieving a definable goal or set of goals. A rational organization uses a formal structure to define the role of each member of the organization.
Organisational behaviour provides a rational thinking about people and their behaviour. The major objective of organisational behaviour is to explain and predict human behaviour in organisations, so that result yielding situations can be created.
A rational organization system has two significant parts: specificity of goals and formalization. Goal specification provides guidelines for specific tasks to be completed along with a regulated way for resources to be allocated.
Formalization is a way to standardize organizational behavior.
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy remains an effective method for helping people challenge their dysfunctional thoughts, encouraging them to use reason to approach their problem-solving, and replacing their negative beliefs . This essay will take an in depth analysis of the rational organisation design and evaluate the affects that it will implement on Junction Hotel, if they decide to run their organisation according to the rational theory.