Blood vessels narrow and almost completely shut down. Fingers or toes turn from white to blue and, then, as the blood returns, they flush red.
It usually strikes females between the ages of eighteen and thirty. Segala et al, Clinical features primarily deal with but are not limited to the digits of the fingers. Other digits that may be affected include toes, nose, and ear lobes.
Exposure to cold and emotional stress triggers the vasoconstriction of the digits. It was originally described by the Catholic, French physician Maurice Raynaud in In this condition, the vasospastic response is more frequently induced by exposure to cold temperatures and is often accompanied by digital color changes.
After onset, a tri-color change [blanching whitecyanosis blueand reactive hyperemia red ] occurs.
Systemic sclerosis is the connective tissue disease most frequently associated with Raynaud’s phenomenon.” (Bowling, ) This syndrome is described as primary Raynaud phenomenon (PRP) if is not associated with another disorder and as secondary Raynaud phenomenon (SRP) if it occurs in association with another disorder/5(1). College essay writing service Question description Be sure your paper is a min of 3 pages and in-text citations follow APA guidelines. Introduction (Criteria 1 & 2): In this section, you will describe the pathophysiology (statistics about it, background information etc). Raynaud’s Disease is a disorder of blood supply that affects fingers and toes, but in some case it may also affect a persons nose chin and cheeks. The s Raynauds Disease - Essays - Jimgapp.
Ko, There are various methods of diagnosing Raydaund syndrome. Cold water emersion is one method. Another mode of diagnosis looks at medical conditions that are associated with Raynaud syndrome, such as CTD, scleroderma, and lupus.
Laboratory tests are another consideration of diagnosis. Tests consist of anti-nuclear anti-body ANA counts and anti-topoisomerase an enzyme that reduces super-coiling in DNA by breaking and rejoining one or both strands of DNA.
Statement of the Problem The episodes that occur due to Raynaud syndrome vary in duration. These episodes vary from a few minutes to a few hours depending on the duration of exposure to cold or the duration of exposure to emotional stress. Prolonged episodes lead to ulcerations of the digits.
An ulceration is a section of the digit that has had prolonged cessation of blood flow due to extensive exposure to cold or emotional stress. The last stage of these attacks is when blood flow resumes. This stage is always accompanied by pain.
Raynaud syndrome is not a problem when kept under control. The problem arises when prolonged episodes occur. Prolonged exposure to cold leads to ulcerations of the digits.
Continual damage ulcerations of the same digit can then lead to amputation. Review of the Literature Introduction The purpose of the review of the related literature is to derive the best treatment for Raynaud syndrome.
Much research has been collected on this topic. The research collected discusses the following trends in the treatment of Raynaud syndrome: Desai, When cold temperatures can not be avoided, mittens should be worn.
Mittens trap warm air better than gloves do.Jul 03, · Sundowing And Alzheimers Disease Essay Words | 7 Pages SUNDOWNING AND ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE Sundowning, or sundown syndrome are terms that have been used for over 20 years to describe the reversal of day and night which often occurs in .
Raynaud’s Disease is a disorder of blood supply that affects fingers and toes, but in some case it may also affect a persons nose chin and cheeks. The s Raynauds Disease - Essays - Jimgapp.
Heart disease or Cardiovascular disease is an abnormal function of the heart or blood vessels. It can cause an increase in risk for heart attack, heart failure, sudden death, stroke and cardiac rhythm problems, thus resulting in decreased quality of life and decreased life expectancy.
- Raynaud’s disease is caused by episodic vasospasms (attacks) of the peripheral arteries during changes of cold weather or stress (Carrasco ). The hands and feet turn a bluish/purple from lack of circulation which causes the limbs to feel cold.
Raynaud's phenomenon is a type of vascular disease characterized by a pale to blue to red sequence of color changes of the digits, most commonly after exposure to cold. Raynaud's phenomenon occurs because of spasm of blood vessels.
Anatomy Raynaud’s disease is a condition that affects blood flow to the extremities. It occurs when blood vessels that feed the fingers and toes get smaller in reaction to cold or emotional stress. Diverting blood flow away from the extremities to keep the body’s core warm is a normal reaction to extreme cold.
The difference in Raynaud’s is that the body ’ s reduced blood flow to the.